In 2010, the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance created the VALOR Program to help prevent violence against law enforcement officers and ensure officer resilience and survivability following violent encounters during the course of their duties. VALOR was developed to address the increase in ambush-style assaults that have taken the lives of many law enforcement officers in recent months. VALOR provides critical nationwide training and technical assistance to sworn state, local, and tribal law enforcement officers through a variety of delivery mechanisms and conducts and disseminates analysis of violent encounters in various forms, including after-action reviews and lessons learned publications. Training covers topics including how to anticipate and survive a violent encounter by using "The Deadly Mix" framework (officer, offender, and the circumstances that brought them together), techniques for identifying concealed weapons and/or armed gunmen, high-risk tactical considerations (e.g., active shooters, hostage), and specific threat groups and violent criminals.
Federal Sponsor Agency: BJA
Provider: Institute for Intergovernmental Research