This 3-day training course is designed for Federally Funded Human Trafficking Task Force members, law enforcement officers, investigators, state prosecutors, and intelligence analysts. Law Enforcement and Prosecutors train together using the Enhanced Collaborative Model and structured case planning to investigate and prosecute human trafficking cases. This training is based on a trauma-informed and victim-centered investigation philosophy, and a structured case planning approach that is proactive and multi-disciplinary centered. This comprehensive anti-human trafficking training program is based on nationally successful curriculum designed and delivered by subject matter experts in their fields, utilizing vetted curricula, complex case studies, learning checks throughout the training, and supported with participant guides. This course also includes training on mandatory reporting required of task forces.
The IACP, the FBI and the Department of Justice's Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, developed a training series to educate frontline officers on how to recognize and respond to victims of child sex trafficking.
Child Sex Trafficking: A Training Series for Frontline Officers is a toolkit developed by the International Association of Chiefs of Police in partnership with the FBI and the COPS Office. It includes a series of training videos to be used for training within law enforcement agencies across the country, a discussion guide meant to reinforce key information contained in the videos and to assist officers in applying this knowledge to their role as first responders in their community, and quick reference sheets to supplement the videos and discussion guide.
Child sex trafficking involves a number of crimes requiring law enforcement to collaborate with multiple partners to identify and respond to the child victims while holding accountable those who are responsible for their exploitation. Combating this crime requires working with prosecutors, schools, victim service providers, parole officers, child welfare agencies, community members, and others. This guide aims to help law enforcement leaders adopt effective multidisciplinary approaches to address this crime and provides tips on training, identifying resources, and engaging communities. This guide also includes descriptions of effective programs in five law enforcement jurisdictions.
The Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council have released a guide to the report, Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States. This OJJDP-funded guide is designed for law enforcement professionals, attorneys, and judges who interact with victims, survivors, and perpetrators of commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors.
Demandforum.net is a comprehensive online resource for people interested in preventing sex trafficking and prostitution. Here you'll find information on initiatives in more than 1,190 communities in the U.S. aimed at deterring or apprehending men who buy sex. The site also includes details about tactics useful for starting, improving, and sustaining practices designed to combat demand.
This video series and resource guide raise awareness of the seriousness of human trafficking, the many forms it can takes, and the important role that everyone can play in identifying and serving victims. This multidisciplinary resource includes nine videos with Spanish subtitles; Public Service Announcements (PSAs) in English, Spanish, Thai, Hindi, and Tagalog; a discussion guide; four fact sheets; and four posters designed for service providers and allied professionals, law enforcement, the general public, and victims/survivors.
In this study, researchers examined which practices improved the ability of local law enforcement agencies to identify, investigate and prosecute trafficking cases; what factors led to successful prosecution and what factors were barriers to prosecution.
Developed in partnership by the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) and Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), this Guide is a resource to support established task forces and provide guidance to agencies that are forming task forces. Its purpose is to assist in the development and day to day operations of an anti-human trafficking task force and to provide fundamental guidance for effective task force operations.
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 and the reauthorizations of 2003 and 2005, along with state legislations have become important tools in the fight against human trafficking. In an effort to increase the understanding of prosecutors’ ability to use the tools available to prosecute and convict traffickers while balancing the needs of trafficked persons, the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) awarded a grant in the fall of 2006 to ICF International (formerly known as Caliber Associates, an ICF Consulting Company) and subcontractor the American Prosecutors Research Institute (APRI), to conduct a study that examined the effects of existing federal and state legislation from the perspective of the prosecution and identified critical challenges and barriers to successful prosecution of cases.
Media reports and prosecution data alone suggest that only men are found in labor trafficking, also known as forced labor, and only women in sex trafficking. In fact, men and boys are also subjected to sex trafficking while women and girls are also subjected to labor trafficking. These assumptions and stereotypes are harmful because they impede efforts to identify and provide services to labor trafficked women, target prevention strategies within industries where women are susceptible to labor trafficking, and integrate labor trafficking into gender-based development work. Women's concentration in informal labor sectors without legal protections and their gender-specific vulnerabilities suggest that women face labor trafficking much more than is reported, and, that women are just as invisible within labor trafficking as they are within labor.
Human trafficking for forced labor, domestic servitude, and sexual exploitation is a transnational crime whose victims include men, women, and children. In the United States, trafficking in persons became a focus of activities in the late 1990s and culminated in the passage of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), which was signed into law in 2000. Despite the increased interest in human trafficking, there is little systematic and methodologically rigorous empirical research. Notably absent are studies of adult foreign-born trafficked victims who are identified and, as survivors, provided services to facilitate their reintegration into the wider society. This project examines comprehensive case management services provided to foreign-born adults survivors of trafficking from 2006 to 2011. These programs were funded by the Anti-Trafficking in Persons (ATIP) Program of the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) under the Per Capita Reimbursement Contract administered by the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB). The USCCB was also in charge of providing training and technical assistance to the programs serving survivors of human trafficking. This report provides a summary of the analysis of data collected by USCCB and augmented by field research with selected number of programs. The objective of this mixed-methods study was to better understand the characteristics of trafficking survivors and the efficacy of interventions in stabilizing their well-being.
To assist states with establishing a strategy to combat human trafficking, the Association of State Criminal Investigative Agencies (ASCIA), in partnership with the Program Manager for the Information Sharing Environment (PM-ISE), developed the Human Trafficking Information and Investigations Strategy Toolkit. This toolkit is designed to help law enforcement agencies form a specialized strategy appropriate for their jurisdiction for combatting human trafficking; however, other law enforcement entities can benefit from this guide as well.
This toolkit includes replicable Spanish-language tools and resources to help improve the cultural competence of service providers and the accessibility of services for Spanish-speaking victims of sexual violence. Resources include the following: glossaries-Spanish terms related to sexual assault and trafficking; presentations-PowerPoint slides used in presentations to promotoras (community health workers) and victim advocates; and tools-a pocket card, handout, factsheets, and scripts for public service announcements and outgoing answering machine messages.
This webinar was designed to raise awareness, for prosecutors and other criminal justice professionals, about the dynamics and indicators of human trafficking as well as intimidation, and challenged participants to reevaluate their approach to detecting and prosecuting these crimes. The webinar also explored the complex issues faced by prosecutors in identifying, investigating, and prosecuting human trafficking and intimidation while balancing offender accountability with the impact of criminal prosecution on victims.
Agencies interested in learning more about family justice centers may find a peer learning opportunity to visit established family justice centers helpful. This flyer provides background information on family justice centers and a sample guide that includes suggested agenda topics, sample objectives, potential outcomes, and additional resources.
This seminar is designed for United States Attorneys’ Office Victim Assistance personnel who assist victims of human trafficking. Labor traffickers are continuing to grow and expand their industries and enterprises, while commercial sex trafficking is the fastest growing criminal industry in the world and is a significant problem in the United States. United States Attorneys' offices are seeing an increase in human trafficking cases, and staff are faced with the difficult task of addressing victims’ needs while managing complex legal aspects of these cases. Course participants will gain a deeper understanding of the different types of human trafficking; the dynamics of human trafficking, to include recruitment and lifestyle; difficulties faced during prosecution; victim advocacy in the courtroom; and how to address the unique needs of both foreign and domestic victims.
BJA's programs available to support law enforcement
The Department of Transportation’s Transportation Leaders Against Human Trafficking (TLAHT) initiative is comprised of transportation and travel industry stakeholders working jointly to maximize their collective impact in combating human trafficking. To date, TLAHT has engaged with over 200 organizations from across the transportation industry.
The National Human Trafficking Hotline is a national anti-trafficking hotline serving victims and survivors of human trafficking and the anti-trafficking community in the United States. The toll-free hotline is available to answer calls from anywhere in the country, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, every day of the year in more than 200 languages. The National Hotline can also be accessed by emailing email@example.com, submitting a tip through the online tip reporting form, and visiting the web portal at www.humantraffickinghotline.org.
The Blue Campaign is the unified voice for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) efforts to combat human trafficking. Working in collaboration with law enforcement, government, non-governmental and private organizations, the Blue Campaign strives to protect the basic right of freedom and to bring those who exploit human lives to justice.
Labor Trafficking Fact Sheet from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children & Families
U.S. Department of Homeland Security Blue Campaign Infographic
DHS Blue Campaign infographic on the different types of human trafficking
DHS Blue Campaign infographic on what you can do to stop human trafficking
The 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report is an essential State Department tool used to shed light on the darkness where modern slavery thrives and to highlight specific steps each government can take to protect victims of human trafficking, prevent trafficking crimes, and prosecute traffickers in the United States and around the world. The findings in this report help inform policymakers, law enforcement, and civil society on gaps and areas of concern, as well as serve as a roadmap forward to end the scourge.